Elmira Cornelea Swanson

Last updated 19 Oct 2021 in Spear–Johnson Family.

Individual

Born: 31 Mar 1883 in Audubon, Becker County, Minnesota, United States

Father: Peter Swanson (1851 – ?)

Mother: Petronella "Nellie" Eliason (1847 – ?)

Supporting evidence for:
name

birth-elmira-swanson-1883: Birth record for Elmira Cornelia Swanson (1883); Becker County, Minnesota, record number A-5-33, County Recorder for Becker County, Minnesota, filed 27 Dec 1883; privately held

Comment: Source includes name (Elmira Cornelea Swanson).

census-us-1900-ps-mn-becker-11-5b: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 11, sheet 5B (form/penned) or page 106B (stamp sequence, not visible on page); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0011" image 10; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240756]

Additional detail for reference: Line 81, dwelling 91

Comment: Source includes name (<spelling> Swanson). See research notes for spelling details.

census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 13, sheet 2A (form/penned) or page 152A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0013" image 3; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 689 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1374702]

Additional detail for reference: Lines 24, dwelling 8

Comment: Source includes name (<spelling> Swanson). See research notes for spelling details.

census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, North Dakota, Cass County, Fargo (Ward 7), enumeration district 46, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 273A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "North Dakota > Cass > Fargo Ward 7 > District 0046" image 7; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1140 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1375153]

Additional detail for reference: Line 40, dwelling 70

Comment: Source includes name (<spelling> Swanson). See research notes for spelling details.

census-us-mn-1885-becker-audubon-11: 1885 Minnesota State Census, schedule 1, Becker County, Audubon Township, pages 11–12 (form) or 28–29 (corners); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1885 > Becker" image 10; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 20, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Page 12, line 16, family 86

Comment: Source includes name (<spelling> <spelling>). See research notes for spelling details.

census-us-mn-1895-becker-hamden-4: 1895 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, page 4; Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1895 > Becker" image 52; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll V290_48, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Line 20, family 65

Comment: Source includes name (<spelling> C. <spelling>). See research notes for spelling details.

census-us-mn-1905-becker-hamden-7: 1905 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, sheet 7 (form) or page 97 (corner); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 25 May 2007) > "1905 > Becker" image 95; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 107, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977” [Some pages were filmed out-of-order.]

Additional detail for reference: Line 37 number of enumeration (unreadable)

Comment: Source includes name (Elmira Swanson).

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Additional detail for reference: Image #2.

Comment: Source includes name (<spelling> [Swanson]). See research notes for spelling details.

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,
birth

census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 13, sheet 2A (form/penned) or page 152A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0013" image 3; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 689 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1374702]

Additional detail for reference: Lines 24, dwelling 8

Comment: Source includes age (27) and location (Minnesota). Using her age and the official census date of 15 Apr 1910 gives a birth date range from 16 Apr 1882 to 15 Apr 1883.

census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, North Dakota, Cass County, Fargo (Ward 7), enumeration district 46, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 273A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "North Dakota > Cass > Fargo Ward 7 > District 0046" image 7; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1140 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1375153]

Additional detail for reference: Line 40, dwelling 70

Comment: Source includes age (27) and location (Minnesota). Using her age and the official census date of 15 Apr 1910 gives a birth date range from 16 Apr 1882 to 15 Apr 1883.

census-us-mn-1885-becker-audubon-11: 1885 Minnesota State Census, schedule 1, Becker County, Audubon Township, pages 11–12 (form) or 28–29 (corners); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1885 > Becker" image 10; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 20, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Page 12, line 16, family 86

Comment: Source includes age (2) and location (Minn). Using the official census date of 1 May 1885 gives a birth date range from 2 May 1882 to 1 May 1883.

census-us-mn-1895-becker-hamden-4: 1895 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, page 4; Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1895 > Becker" image 52; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll V290_48, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Line 20, family 65

Comment: Source includes age (12) and location (Minn.). Using the official census date of 1 Jun 1895 gives a birth date range from 2 Jun 1882 to 1 Jun 1883.

census-us-mn-1905-becker-hamden-7: 1905 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, sheet 7 (form) or page 97 (corner); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 25 May 2007) > "1905 > Becker" image 95; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 107, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977” [Some pages were filmed out-of-order.]

Additional detail for reference: Line 37 number of enumeration (unreadable)

Comment: Source includes age (22) and location (Minnesota). Using the official census date of 1 Jun 1905 gives a birth date range from 2 Jun 1882 to 1 Jun 1883. Using the "time in state" and "time in enumeration district" values (although there are discrepencies, see Research Notes) refines the value to about Apr 1883.

birth-elmira-swanson-1883: Birth record for Elmira Cornelia Swanson (1883); Becker County, Minnesota, record number A-5-33, County Recorder for Becker County, Minnesota, filed 27 Dec 1883; privately held

Comment: Source includes date (03/31/1883) and location (Audubon, Minnesota).

census-us-1900-ps-mn-becker-11-5b: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 11, sheet 5B (form/penned) or page 106B (stamp sequence, not visible on page); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0011" image 10; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240756]

Additional detail for reference: Line 81, dwelling 91

Comment: Source includes date (Mar/1883), age (17), and location (Minnesota). Using her age and the official census date of 1 June 1900 gives a birth date range from 2 June 1882 to 1 June 1883, which encompasses the given date.

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,
father

birth-elmira-swanson-1883: Birth record for Elmira Cornelia Swanson (1883); Becker County, Minnesota, record number A-5-33, County Recorder for Becker County, Minnesota, filed 27 Dec 1883; privately held

Comment: Source identifies Peter [Swanson] as the biological father of Elmira Cornelea Swanson.

census-us-1900-ps-mn-becker-11-5b: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 11, sheet 5B (form/penned) or page 106B (stamp sequence, not visible on page); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0011" image 10; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240756]

Additional detail for reference: Lines 76,81, dwelling 91

Comment: Source identifies Elvira Swanson as a daughter of Peder Swanson. The source does not provide sufficient evidence to denote the type of parent/child relationship.

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Additional detail for reference: Image #2.

Comment: Source identifies Elvera [Swanson] as a child of Peter Swanson. The source does not provide sufficient evidence to denote the type of parent/child relationship.

census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 13, sheet 2A (form/penned) or page 152A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0013" image 3; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 689 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1374702]

Additional detail for reference: Lines 21,24, dwelling 8

Comment: Source identifies Elvira Swanson as a daughter of Peter Swanson. The source does not provide sufficient evidence to denote the type of parent/child relationship.

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,
mother

birth-elmira-swanson-1883: Birth record for Elmira Cornelia Swanson (1883); Becker County, Minnesota, record number A-5-33, County Recorder for Becker County, Minnesota, filed 27 Dec 1883; privately held

Comment: Source identifies Nellie as the biological mother of Elmira Cornelea Swanson.

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Additional detail for reference: Image #2.

Comment: Source identifies Elvera [Swanson] as a child of Nellie Elison. The source does not provide sufficient evidence to denote the type of parent/child relationship.

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Miscellaneous Facts

Attributes

Residence: 1 May 1885 at Audobon, Becker County, Minnesota, United States

Residence: 1 Jun 1895 at Hamden Township, Becker County, Minnesota, United States

Residence: 1 Jun 1900 at Hamden Township, Becker County, Minnesota, United States

Residence: 1 Jun 1905 at Hamden Township, Becker County, Minnesota, United States

Occupation: (seamstress in a department store) 15 Apr 1910

Residence: 15 Apr 1910 at Fargo, Cass County, North Dakota, United States

Residence: 15 Apr 1910 at Hamden Township, Becker County, Minnesota, United States

Supporting evidence for:
attributes

census-us-mn-1885-becker-audubon-11: 1885 Minnesota State Census, schedule 1, Becker County, Audubon Township, pages 11–12 (form) or 28–29 (corners); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1885 > Becker" image 10; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 20, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Page 12, line 16, family 86

Comment: Source includes official census date (1 May 1885) and location (Audubon, Becker County, Minnesota).

census-us-mn-1895-becker-hamden-4: 1895 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, page 4; Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1895 > Becker" image 52; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll V290_48, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Line 20, family 65

Comment: Source includes official date (1 Jun 1895) and location (Township of Hamden, Becker County, Minnesota).

census-us-1900-ps-mn-becker-11-5b: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 11, sheet 5B (form/penned) or page 106B (stamp sequence, not visible on page); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0011" image 10; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240756]

Additional detail for reference: Line 81, dwelling 91

Comment: Source includes census date (1 June 1900) and location (Hamden Township, County: Becker, State: Minnesota).

census-us-mn-1905-becker-hamden-7: 1905 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, sheet 7 (form) or page 97 (corner); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 25 May 2007) > "1905 > Becker" image 95; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 107, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977” [Some pages were filmed out-of-order.]

Additional detail for reference: Line 37 number of enumeration (unreadable)

Comment: Source includes official census date (1 Jun 1995) and location (Hamden Township, Becker County, Minnesota).

census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, North Dakota, Cass County, Fargo (Ward 7), enumeration district 46, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 273A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "North Dakota > Cass > Fargo Ward 7 > District 0046" image 7; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1140 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1375153]

Additional detail for reference: Line 40, dwelling 70

Comment: Source includes census date (15 Apr 1910) and occupation (sewing / Dept. Store).

census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 13, sheet 2A (form/penned) or page 152A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0013" image 3; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 689 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1374702]

Additional detail for reference: Lines 24, dwelling 8

Comment: Source includes census date (15 Apr 1910) and occupation (Dressmaking / Dapartment Store).

census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, North Dakota, Cass County, Fargo (Ward 7), enumeration district 46, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 273A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "North Dakota > Cass > Fargo Ward 7 > District 0046" image 7; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1140 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1375153]

Additional detail for reference: Line 40, dwelling 70

Comment: Source includes census date (15 Apr 1910) and residence (<conflict>). See research notes for conflict details.

census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 13, sheet 2A (form/penned) or page 152A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0013" image 3; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 689 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1374702]

Additional detail for reference: Lines 24, dwelling 8

Comment: Source includes census date (15 Apr 1910) and location (<conflict>). See research notes for conflict details.

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General Notes and Anecdotes

John's sister Elmira was living with John and Mathilda in 1910. [census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a]

Supporting evidence for:
general notes

census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, North Dakota, Cass County, Fargo (Ward 7), enumeration district 46, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 273A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "North Dakota > Cass > Fargo Ward 7 > District 0046" image 7; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1140 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1375153]

Additional detail for reference: Line 40, dwelling 70

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Research Notes (Conflicts/Spelling/Followup)

CONFLICTS

Residence (15 Apr 1910): This database is split. A 1910 U.S. Census record for Hamden Township, Becker County, Minnesota (where she is listed with her parents) conflicts with a 1910 U.S. Census record for Fargo, Cass County, North Dakota (where she is listed with her brother). The locations are separated by roughly 40 miles. The two entries may reflect Elmira living some part of the year in both locations, and confusion between the parents and the brother as to which constituted her permanent residence, when the enumerators visited them. [census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a, census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a]

SPELLING

Given Name: This database uses Elmira Cornelea. The 1900 and 1910 U.S. Censuses (in Becker County), and the 1885 and 1895 Minnesota Censuses use Elvira for her first name. [census-us-1900-ps-mn-becker-11-5b, census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a, census-us-mn-1885-becker-audubon-11, census-us-mn-1895-becker-hamden-4]

Given Name: This database uses Elmira Cornelea. The 1910 U.S. Census (in Cass County) uses Alvira for her first name. [census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a]

Given Name: This database uses Elmira Cornelea. An interview with Loretta Spear uses Elvera for her first name. [interview-loretta-spear-2006]

Surname: This database uses Swanson. The 1885 and 1895 Minnesota Censuses uses Swenson. [census-us-mn-1885-becker-audubon-11, census-us-mn-1895-becker-hamden-4]

FOLLOWUP

Roughly half of the sources identify her as Elvira (or Elvera), the other half as Elmira. Did she use both?

In the 1905 Minnesota Census, Elmira is noted as having moved to Minnesota (enumeration district 7), 22 years and 2 months before the census. However, her parents moved into the same enumeration district only 16 years and 2 months before. Was Elmira sent ahead to live with relatives, or is the census record wrong? [census-us-mn-1905-becker-hamden-7]

Where she was living in 1910 is unclear. The records for both her father's household and her brother John's household claim she was living with them on 15 April. However, both agree that she was a department store sewer/dressmaker. [census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a, 1910 US Census-hamden]

She may have died 3 Mar 1959.

Supporting evidence for:
research notes

census-us-1900-ps-mn-becker-11-5b: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 11, sheet 5B (form/penned) or page 106B (stamp sequence, not visible on page); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0011" image 10; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240756]

Additional detail for reference: Line 81, dwelling 91

census-us-1910-ps-mn-becker-13-2a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Becker County, Hamden Township, enumeration district 13, sheet 2A (form/penned) or page 152A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "Minnesota > Becker > Hamden > District 0013" image 3; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 689 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1374702]

Additional detail for reference: Lines 24, dwelling 8

census-us-1910-ps-nd-cass-46-4a: 1910 U.S. Census, population schedule, North Dakota, Cass County, Fargo (Ward 7), enumeration district 46, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 273A (stamped); 1910 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 14 August 2018) > "North Dakota > Cass > Fargo Ward 7 > District 0046" image 7; citing “Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910, NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1140 (of 1784), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1375153]

Additional detail for reference: Line 40, dwelling 70

census-us-mn-1885-becker-audubon-11: 1885 Minnesota State Census, schedule 1, Becker County, Audubon Township, pages 11–12 (form) or 28–29 (corners); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1885 > Becker" image 10; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 20, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Page 12, line 16, family 86

census-us-mn-1895-becker-hamden-4: 1895 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, page 4; Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 26 May 2007) > "1895 > Becker" image 52; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll V290_48, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977”

Additional detail for reference: Line 20, family 65

census-us-mn-1905-becker-hamden-7: 1905 Minnesota State Census, Becker County, Hamden Township, sheet 7 (form) or page 97 (corner); Minnesota, U.S., Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 25 May 2007) > "1905 > Becker" image 95; citing “Minnesota State Population Census Schedules, 1865-1905, roll 107, Minnesota Historical Society, 1977” [Some pages were filmed out-of-order.]

Additional detail for reference: Line 37 number of enumeration (unreadable)

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Additional detail for reference: Image #2.

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Sources

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