Maria Marks

Last updated 12 Dec 2021 in Spear–Johnson Family.

Individual

Born: Dec 1886 in , , , Poland

Father: Michael Marks (1856 – 1941)

Mother: Lottie Schmetgall (1851 – 1924)

Supporting evidence for:
name

census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Otter Tail County, Dora Township, enumeration district 156, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 137A (stamped); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) ⟩ "Minnesota ⟩ Otter Tail ⟩ Dora ⟩ District 0156" image 7; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240779]

Reference Detail: Line 23, dwelling 53

Comment Detail: Source includes name (Maria Marks).

census-us-newyork-1892-kings-17-1-2: 1892 New York State Census, population schedule, New York, Kings County, Brooklyn, ward (AD) 17, election district 1, pages 2-3; New York, U.S., State Census, 1892, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 28 Dec 2020) ⟩ "Kings ⟩ Brooklyn Ward 17 ⟩ E.D. 01" image 2; citing “1892 New York State Census, New York State Education Department, Office of Cultural Education, New York State Library, Albany, NY” [Pages 2 and 3 are inconsistently numbered with the recto page marked as 2. Note that the page spreads before and after this one are numbered as expected, verso pages even-numbered, recto pages odd-numbered.]

Reference Detail: Page 2 or 3 [verso on spread], Column B, line 32

Comment Detail: Source includes name (Maria Marks).

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Reference Detail: Image #2.

Comment Detail: Source includes name (⟨spelling⟩ [Marks]). See research notes for spelling details.

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,
birth

census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Otter Tail County, Dora Township, enumeration district 156, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 137A (stamped); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) ⟩ "Minnesota ⟩ Otter Tail ⟩ Dora ⟩ District 0156" image 7; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240779]

Reference Detail: Line 23, dwelling 53

Comment Detail: Source includes date (Dec/1886), age (⟨conflict⟩), and location (⟨conflict⟩). See research notes for conflict details.

census-us-newyork-1892-kings-17-1-2: 1892 New York State Census, population schedule, New York, Kings County, Brooklyn, ward (AD) 17, election district 1, pages 2-3; New York, U.S., State Census, 1892, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 28 Dec 2020) ⟩ "Kings ⟩ Brooklyn Ward 17 ⟩ E.D. 01" image 2; citing “1892 New York State Census, New York State Education Department, Office of Cultural Education, New York State Library, Albany, NY” [Pages 2 and 3 are inconsistently numbered with the recto page marked as 2. Note that the page spreads before and after this one are numbered as expected, verso pages even-numbered, recto pages odd-numbered.]

Reference Detail: Page 2 or 3 [verso on spread], Column B, line 32

Comment Detail: Source includes age (⟨conflict⟩) and location (Poland). See research notes for conflict details.

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,
father

census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Otter Tail County, Dora Township, enumeration district 156, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 137A (stamped); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) ⟩ "Minnesota ⟩ Otter Tail ⟩ Dora ⟩ District 0156" image 7; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240779]

Reference Detail: Lines 20,23, dwelling 53

Comment Detail: Source identifies Maria Marks as a daughter of Michael Marks. The source does not provide sufficient evidence to denote the type of parent/child relationship.

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Reference Detail: Image #2.

Comment Detail: Source identifies Mary [Marks] as a child of Michael Marks. The source does not provide sufficient evidence to denote the type of parent/child relationship.

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,
mother

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Reference Detail: Image #2.

Comment Detail: Source identifies Mary [Marks] as a child of Lottie Schmetgall. The source does not provide sufficient evidence to denote the type of parent/child relationship.

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Miscellaneous Facts

Events

Immigration: at , , , United States

Supporting evidence for:
events

census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Otter Tail County, Dora Township, enumeration district 156, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 137A (stamped); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) ⟩ "Minnesota ⟩ Otter Tail ⟩ Dora ⟩ District 0156" image 7; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240779]

Reference Detail: Line 23, dwelling 53

Comment Detail: Source includes year of immigration to the United States (⟨conflict⟩) and years in the U.S. (⟨conflict⟩). These values are internally consistent. See research notes for conflict details.

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Attributes

Residence: 16 Feb 1892 at Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, United States

Residence: 1 Jun 1900 at , Otter Tail County, Minnesota, United States

Supporting evidence for:
attributes

census-us-newyork-1892-kings-17-1-2: 1892 New York State Census, population schedule, New York, Kings County, Brooklyn, ward (AD) 17, election district 1, pages 2-3; New York, U.S., State Census, 1892, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 28 Dec 2020) ⟩ "Kings ⟩ Brooklyn Ward 17 ⟩ E.D. 01" image 2; citing “1892 New York State Census, New York State Education Department, Office of Cultural Education, New York State Library, Albany, NY” [Pages 2 and 3 are inconsistently numbered with the recto page marked as 2. Note that the page spreads before and after this one are numbered as expected, verso pages even-numbered, recto pages odd-numbered.]

Reference Detail: Page 2 or 3 [verso on spread], Column B, line 32

Comment Detail: Source includes census date (Feb. 16, 1892) and location (1st Election District of the 17th Ward of the City of [Brooklyn], County: Clay, State: New York).

census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Otter Tail County, Dora Township, enumeration district 156, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 137A (stamped); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) ⟩ "Minnesota ⟩ Otter Tail ⟩ Dora ⟩ District 0156" image 7; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240779]

Reference Detail: Line 23, dwelling 53

Comment Detail: Source includes census date (1 Jun 1900) and location (Town of Dora, County: Otter Tail, State: Minnesota).

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Research Notes (Conflicts/Spelling/Followup)

CONFLICTS

Birth Date: This database uses December 1886. The 1900 U.S. Census gives an explicit birth date (Dec 1886) and an age (23 [corrected from 24]) which, when applied to the census date of 1 Jun 1900 gives a birth date range of 2 June 1876 to 1 June 1877. This means the census is internally inconsistent, and conflicts with other records. Changing her age to 13 would remove the inconsistency. [census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a]

Birth Date: This database uses December 1886. Using her age (13) on the official 1892 New York census date of 16 Feb 1892 gives a birth date range from 17 Feb 1878 to 16 Feb 1879. However, her name is also listed out-of-order. Most census list children by age (oldest to youngest) but Maria appears between 11-year old Edward and 2-year old Leopold. [census-us-newyork-1892-kings-17-1-2]

Birth Location: This database uses Poland. The 1900 census gives her birthplace as Russia. [census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a]

Immigration Date: The 1892 New York census indicates that Maria was living in Brooklyn and was identified as an alien (non-citizen) in 1892. However, the 1900 census indicates that Maria immigrated in 1898. [census-us-newyork-1892-kings-17-1-2, census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a]

SPELLING

Given Name: This database uses Maria. An interview with Loretta Spear gives the name Mary. [interview-loretta-spear-2006]

FOLLOWUP

Maria's birth date is something of a puzzle. In both the 1892 New York and 1900 U.S. Census records, she is older than her brother (2 or 4 years, depending on the record) when using her age applied to the official census date. However, she is also listed after her brother, in defiance of the standard (gender-insensitive, oldest-to-youngest) ordering of the children in a household. Adding to the irregularities, the explicit year of birth given in the 1900 U.S. Census does follow this ordering, but it is also a decade before the range indicated by the age,

Supporting evidence for:
research notes

interview-loretta-spear-2006: Email conversation with Loretta Pearl (Johnson) Spear, 19 Aug 2006, includes physical notes sent by mail; privately held

Reference Detail: Image #2.

census-us-1900-ps-mn-ottertail-156-4a: 1900 U.S. Census, population schedule, Minnesota, Otter Tail County, Dora Township, enumeration district 156, sheet 4A (form/penned) or page 137A (stamped); 1900 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 13 August 2018) ⟩ "Minnesota ⟩ Otter Tail ⟩ Dora ⟩ District 0156" image 7; citing “Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900, NARA microfilm publication T623 (1854 rolls), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 1240779]

Reference Detail: Line 23, dwelling 53

census-us-newyork-1892-kings-17-1-2: 1892 New York State Census, population schedule, New York, Kings County, Brooklyn, ward (AD) 17, election district 1, pages 2-3; New York, U.S., State Census, 1892, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 28 Dec 2020) ⟩ "Kings ⟩ Brooklyn Ward 17 ⟩ E.D. 01" image 2; citing “1892 New York State Census, New York State Education Department, Office of Cultural Education, New York State Library, Albany, NY” [Pages 2 and 3 are inconsistently numbered with the recto page marked as 2. Note that the page spreads before and after this one are numbered as expected, verso pages even-numbered, recto pages odd-numbered.]

Reference Detail: Page 2 or 3 [verso on spread], Column B, line 32

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Sources

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