Source Citations for Caroline E. ____

The source descriptions are noted at the top of the page. Following them are detailed citation references.

Note that these are only source citations and reference details, and do not necessarily establish a fact beyond dispute. They are, however, sufficient (either individually or in combination) to make the compiler believe the associated facts are true.

Source Citations

census-us-ia-1856-cedar-springdale-322: 1856 Iowa State Census, Cedar County, Springdale Township, pages 322-323; Iowa, State Census Collection, 1836–1925, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 7 Jun 2007) ⟩ "1856 ⟩ Cedar ⟩ Springdale" image 20; citing “Microfilm of Iowa State Censuses, 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925 as well various special censuses from 1836-1897 obtained from the State Historical Society of Iowa via Heritage Quest”

census-us1870-ps-ny-cattaraugus-persia-4: 1870 U.S. Census, population schedule, New York, Cattaraugus County, Persia, page 4 (form) or page 452B (stamp sequence, not visible on page); 1870 United States Federal Census, database with images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed before 12 August 2018) ⟩ "New York ⟩ Cattaraugus ⟩ Persia" image 4; citing “Ninth Census of the United States, 1870, NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 909 (of 1761), National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.” [FHL microfilm 552408]

family-barak-smith-family-bible-register: Family bible registry entries for the family of Barak Smith; photocopy, privately held [Most entries are believed to have been made by Barak and Mary Smith. Entries are separated by inconsistent types of lines, and not all entries have individuals or couples; several are informational.]

Source Reference Details

Name Details

census-us1870-ps-ny-cattaraugus-persia-4:

Reference Detail: Line 5, dwelling 31

Comment Detail: Source includes [married] name (Caroline E. Smith).

census-us-ia-1856-cedar-springdale-322:

Reference Detail: Line 34, dwelling 33

Comment Detail: Source includes married name (Caroline E. Smith).

family-barak-smith-family-bible-register:

Reference Detail: Marriages page, right side, entry 2

Comment Detail: Source includes name (Caroline _____). A surname name of Estler is guessed by the author of the annotations, but is not cliear from the photocopy of the original entry.

Birth Details

census-us1870-ps-ny-cattaraugus-persia-4:

Reference Detail: Line 5, dwelling 31

Comment Detail: Source includes age (40) and location (Maryland). Using the official census date of 1 June 1870 gives a birth date range from 2 June 1829 to 1 June 1830.

Comment Detail: (enumeration 18 June)

census-us-ia-1856-cedar-springdale-322:

Reference Detail: Line 34, dwelling 33

Comment Detail: Source includes age (26) and location (Md). Using the official census date of 15 July 1856 gives a birth date range from 16 Jul 1829 to 15 Jul 1830.

Marriage Details

family-barak-smith-family-bible-register:

Reference Detail: Marriages page, right side, entry 2

Comment Detail: Source notes that Ebenezer R. Smith married Caroline Estler(?).

Miscellaneous Facts Details “Attributes”

census-us-ia-1856-cedar-springdale-322:

Reference Detail: Line 34, dwelling 33

Comment Detail: Source includes official census date (15 Jul 1856) and location (Springdale, Cedar County, Iowa).

census-us1870-ps-ny-cattaraugus-persia-4:

Reference Detail: Line 5, dwelling 31

Comment Detail: Source includes census date (1 Jun 1870) and location (Persia, in the county of Cattaraugus, State of New York).